Nowadays, many cameras have built-in the function to take panoramic photographs directly from the factory and without having to go through a computer. In spite of this, these modes are not yet as versatile, nor will they allow you to obtain as surprising results as you can achieve if you build your panoramas yourself.
What is panoramic photography?
Panoramic photographs are, as the name implies, photographs that allow a larger portion of a scene to be appreciated than a normal photograph. The secret of this type of photo is the proportion of their framing since it allows the viewer to convey the sensation of immensity and place, in a very efficient and almost impossible way to achieve using other frames.
Achieving this type of photographs will not be very difficult, although like every technique, it has its secrets. Then I will name some of them and how you can get the most out of them.
1-Through a single photograph: this method consists of trimming a photograph of “normal” proportions in its height until its proportions are adequate for a panoramic photograph (width much greater than the height). To do this, you will have to crop the photograph horizontally on the computer as you will see in the following example:
To achieve the best results, you must have very clear the result you want to achieve in the final photograph. Why? Because re-framing a photograph of normal proportions to transform it into a panorama will require you to compose the photograph in a different way.
How to take the pictures?
One of the best ways to take a panoramic photo, if you use the method of multiple joined photos, is to shoot your camera vertically, that is, using a vertical framing after joining, to achieve the “elongated” horizontal framing.
By photographing vertically, the vertical viewing angle that you will be able to achieve will be much greater than shooting horizontally, and as the horizontal viewing angle will be given by the number of photographs you said to take and then merge, shooting vertically will guarantee you best results.
In this way, you will not only be able to maximize the quality of the final photograph (at the edges of the frame the cameras tend to lose quality, but if you use a vertical frame, you will minimize this lack of sharpness since you will work with a larger portion of the center of these), but you will also maximize the portion of the scene to capture once all of them on the computer.
The Most Common Mistake: Parallax
Taking a panoramic picture is not as simple as it may seem. It will not be enough for you to take the camera and make several shots and then join them on the computer. If you do it this way, you will be giving rise to one of the worst enemies of panoramic photography: “the parallax error.”
In the previous image, you will notice that, as you take the different photographs, if you do not keep the optical center of your fixed camera, significant distortions can occur that can affect the continuity, and therefore, the final attractiveness of your panoramic photography. The camera varies its position with respect to each shot, changing the perspective and generating distortions that using a tripod and an adapter (or some imagination) you can solve.